So now that you are done with your introduction, it is time to get started on the body of your essay. The body of your essay is where you will earn most of your marks. As a guide, a good body would have between 4 to 5 paragraphs touching on a variety of topics. A good body paragraph should follow this structure:

  1. A Topic Sentence
  2. Elaboration
  3. Examples
  4. Concluding Statement




1) Topic Sentence

Your topic sentence should let the examiner know what the rest of the paragraph is about. Your topic sentence should be concise. Do not write an extremely lengthy topic sentence.

Let us look at the question:

‘Computers and mobile phones have turned us into poorer and not better communicators’. Do you agree with this statement and why?

One of your paragraphs may have a Topic sentence like:

Computers and mobile phones trivialise and reduce the need for human interaction.


2) Elaboration

This is where you elaborate on your topic sentence. You should explain your topic statement clearly to the examiner. In this instance, taking the same question, your elaboration can be something like this:

In the past, people had to send a letter to ask about one another. This letter may take days or even weeks to be delivered. This may be arduous but it adds importance to the letter as well as its reply. Every letter was deliberate and had sincerity because there was a certain degree of cost involved in sending it. However, in today’s ever digitalised world, we ask about a person’s well being by sending him a message through his mobile phone. This message may be one of the many tens of messages we send a day and we may even forget that we sent such a message.


3) Examples

There are two types of examples. The first is to give a generic everyday example. The second is to produce real facts. Always remember that producing real facts and figures add weight to your content. It shows the examiner your grasp of general knowledge. If done correctly, it will also showcase your ability to use general knowledge to substantiate your argument. It would be good to note that not every point you make requires you to quote a certain person with the exact date. Examiners are looking for application, not the ability to remember hard facts and dates. If the situation arises and you are able to do so then fine. If not, focus on the ability to provide convincing examples to substantiate your Topic Sentence and Elaboration. Continuing from the same question, your example may look like this:

Psychologists define social capital, or the benefit we derive from social interactions, in two ways. bonding and superficial bridging. Research shows that only the real world friends can provide bonding and true social capital. Many of the interactions we receive through social media through computers and mobile phones are not true connections. Face to face interactions are reduced because of the excessive time spent on our devices looking at our social media platforms.


4) Concluding Statement

This is to conclude the paragraph. At this point, the examiner might have gone through a few lines of elaboration and examples and forgotten about what your Topic Sentence was. This is your chance to remind him about it. Thus your concluding statement can look like this:

Due to the ease of connecting with each other in the virtual realm, we tend to think that we are connecting with our friends. The truth is because it is so simple to connect with one another, we make connecting seem trivial. This had actually led us to become even lonelier.


Once again, please note that this is just a recommended framework to be followed. Writing is supposed to be natural and less methodical. However, this serves as a useful guide to what every good paragraph should have.